|Hirano Gogaku (1810-1893)|
16 old menSigned: Gaku
Seals: Gogaku & Chiu
Technique: sumi and some colour on paper 112,5 x 27,2
Date: before 1888
Mounting: blue damask
wooden rollers, 174,5 x 38,4
Authenticated in 1888 on the reverse by koji Gankoku:
Gogaku jûroku rô.. .. ga
Meiji Tsuchinoe-Ne Shûkyugetsu kanshi (Fall of 1888 authorized)
Mitsuguchi Kakuji, ichiroku koji Gankoku shu
When Gogaku became seven years old he was adopted by the head of the Sennen-ji, a branch of the Jôdô sect temple Higashi Hongan-ji in Kyoto. From the age of ten Gogaku studied Chinese poetry and calligraphy for five years at the Kangien in his hometown Hita. In these five years he met with many of the important literati who were connected with the Kangien. Gogaku, one of its top students became a famous Kanshi (Chinese poet).
As a painter Gogaku was largely self-taught. He followed the style of Chikuden and after a trip to Nagasaki from 1842 to 1845 he became influenced by the Nagasaki painters Itsuun and Hidaka Tetsuô (1791-1871). In 1833 he went to Kyoto for the first time, where he stayed with Kaioku and became friends with Taizan and Chôdô. He returned many times and shared the ideas of the bunjin loyalists to the Emperor.
His paintings and calligraphies were highly appreciated by collectors. Between 1869 and 1874 he produced a large number of paintings, of which some were shown in the Vienna International Exhibition in 1873. After 1882 he used the money, which he made from painting to rebuild parts of the Sennen-ji.
Roberts p. 32
Araki p. 293-297
Nagasawa # 3721
Rosenfield vol. 3 pp. 23-24
Addiss (Forrer '82) p.19-20
Hempel '98 p. 163