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21. Tatebe Ryôtai (1719-1774)
Nanga
Chidori - plovers over waves
Signed:
Seals: Ryôtai Môkyô
Technique: colours on silk 33,5 x 44,3
Mounting: brown (olive green)
bone rollers, 109 x 49,5
Box: inscribed
Condition: very good

Ryôtai (Kanyôsai, or Ayatari) was highly educated son of an important samurai family in Mutsu, but lived an unsettled and restless life. He moved back and forth between Kyoto and Edo and travelled to Nagasaki. Ryôtai was a poet and painter as well as a novelist and excelled in all of these fields.

Ryôtai tried priesthood at the Tôfuku-ji temple in Kyôto, but after a short period in Chichibu, he moved to Edo, where he emerged as a haikai master, publishing prolifically. He returned to Kyôto, where he studied under the painter Takaki Hyakusen (1698-1753), the leading Chinese painting (Nanga) artist there. And he travelled to Nagasaki where he studied with Kumashiro Yûhi (1693-1772), the most prominent of the Shen Nan p'in pupils. He studied kokugaku, native studies under Kamo Mabuchi from 1763, and he became an avid practitioner in this field of scholarship, publishing a number of works on ancient vocabulary, poetic phrasing and literary works, as well as novels in a literary style that summoned up antiquity. He attempted to revive the ancient katauta, half-song, which followed either a 5-7-5 or 5-7-7 syllabic structure. He also published a number of woodblock-printed albums and painting manuals, for which he became more famous as a painter in the Chinese style under the name Kanyôsai, creator of the beautiful set of books Kanyôsai gaf than as a haikai poet.

Reference:
Marceau 1992
Roberts p. 132
Araki p. 1636
Haiga p. 201 (# 20-21)
Addiss '95 # 10
Haiga vol. 4 # 130-131
Kakimori: Haiga: # 41-54
Okada & vd Walle # 12

Availability:
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