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20.1 Nakajima Kahô (1866-1939) with Kiyomizu Rokubei IV (1847-1920)
Kyôyaki
Egohon chawan, gohonde tea bowl - Hanamushiro, Carpet of flowers
Signed: Heian Kahô sha
Seals: Kiyo
Technique: grey gohonde kyôyaki with a tetsu-e, iron oxide underglaze painting Ø 15 x 6
Box: by Rokubei V (1875-1959)
Condition: fine

The haiku reads:
浮草を吹あつめてや花むしろ 謝蕪村作
Ukikusa o / fukiatsumete ya / hanamushiro, Buson ku
Floating vegitation / blown together by the wind / one carpet of flowers
Yosa Buson (1716-1783)

Kahô was born in Kyoto, son of the painter Nakajima Kayô (died1877), who studied with Yokoyama Kazan (1784-1837). Kahô studied painting under Mori Kansai (1814-92) and calligraphy with his brother-in-law Tomioka Tessai (1836-1924), who was married to his sister Tatsu. Kahô studied haiga works by Kikaku, Buson and Gekkei, and made his own interpretations.
He participated in numerous exhibitions, including the World Exhibition in Chicago in 1893.

Reference:
Oranda Jin 2012
Araki p. 2030
Berry & Morioka ‘08 p. 285
Haiku & Haiga p. 195
Berry '01 pp. 176-177

Rokubei IV (Shôrin) was the first son of Rokubei III (Shôun). He studied painting with Shiokawa Bunrin (1801-1877). After his father’s death he inherited the family title in 1883. He was a close friend of Tomioka Tessai (1836-1924) and of Kôno Bairei (1844-1895). Rokubei IV was a great promoter of kyôyaki and already in 1884 he established the Ceramics Commercial and Industrial Association. He actively studied design and participated in the Yûtôen, organized by Asai Chû (1856-1907) and in the Kabikai, presided over by Kamisaka Sekka (1866-1942).

In 1913 he retired due to poor health, transferring the title of the family to his second son Kuritarô, who became Rokubei V (Shôrei) (1875-1959). He then took the artist’s name Rokkyo. The style of Rokubei IV is quiet and elegant, reflecting his own refined character. His works are considered the best among all the works of the succeeding Rokubei generations.

Reference:
Kyoto 2003 (Sekka) p. 326

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