|Tanomura Chokugai (1903-1997) & Unrin’in Hôzan (born 1938)|
Chawan, tea bowl - Wooded hillSigned: Chokugai sha
Technique: Grey crackled gohonde Kyôyaki with a blue tetsu-e, underglaze painting Ø 12 x 7.5
Box: signed by Hôzan
Chokugai wass born in Kyoto, ithe great grand son of Tanomura Chokunyû (1814-1907). He studied with Tanaka Hakuin (1866-1934) and became a member of Kyoto Nihon Gaka Kyokai. He was the director of the Kyoto Shoga-in.
Aburai p. 247
Unrin’in Hôzan was 20th gen head of the Awata kiln. The first kiln of Awata yaki was at the old entrance of Kyoto near San’yô and the Heian shrine. It was founded by Sanmonjiya Kyûemon at the beginning of the 17th century.
Sanmonjiya Kyûemon is said to come from Seto, Aichi prefecture. Therefore, early period of Awatayaki glaze is similar to Seto Ware glaze. But also Shigaraki style as well as Korean style pottery was made there.
During the second world war the kilns were distroyed but rebuild later, never-the-less the company went broke in 1953. Ito Tôzan III (1901-70) and Kusube Yaichi (1897-1984), gave the Yawata kiln a new start and Yaichi especially awarded with the Order of Cultual Merits, the highest prize for ceramists. But with his death in 1984 it also meant the end of the kiln.